Materi 1_Analisis Kelayakan Agribisnis

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Berikut adalah materi untuk mata kuliah Analisis Kelayakan Agribisnis.

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Field Trip Sebagai Wadah Peningkatan Pengetahuan dan Kompetensi Mahasiswa Pertanian


Fieldtrip (kunjungan lapangan) merupakan kegiatan rutin yang dilaksanakan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Medan Area. Adapun tujuan pelaksanaan kegiatan ini adalah untuk membangun kompetensi akademik bagi  mahasiswa Program Studi Agroteknologi dan Agribisnis di Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Medan Area. Dengan pelaksanaan fieldtrip mahasiswa diajak untuk berpikir kreatif, memiliki pengalaman baru, serta dapat mengetahui permasalahan yang terjadi di lapangan secara langsung. Hal lain yang ingin diperoleh dari kegiatan ini adalah, mahasiswa dapat menerapkan pertanian dengan teknik hidroponik di lingkungannya masing-masing meski masih skala yang kecil

Fieldtrip dilakukan ke Hidroponik Binjai di  Jl. Danau Tondano No.103, Sumber Karya, Kec. Binjai Tim., Kota Binjai, Sumatera Utara. Usaha ini dimulai pada tahun 2019, dengan luas kebun 4 x 9 m dan lubang tanam 600 lubang. Kemudian ditahun 2021 pelaku usaha dinobatkan sebagai duta Petani Milenial Kementerian Pertanian dan Penghargaan Kementerian Pemuda dan Olahraga.  Adapun bidang usaha layanan dan jasa yang ditawarkan meliputi :penjualan sayur hidroponik, penjualan bibit, penjualan bahan-bahan hidroponik, jasa pembuatan kebun hidroponik, jasa pelatihan budidaya hidroponik serta mengolah dan menjual aneka produk olahan sayur hidroponik seperti jus, nugget dan puding.

Harapan dari pelaksanaan kegiatan ini, mahasiswa memiliki kompetensi teknis budidaya tanaman sayur dengan pertanian dengan metode hidroponik, potensi dan pasar sayuran hidroponik di Sumatera Utara, serta peluang peningkatan pendapatan dengan mengolah sayur hidroponik menjadi jus, nuget dan puding yang berbasis sayur sebagai komponen utamanya.

Pelaksanaan fieldtrip memberikan gambaran kepada mahasiswa besarnya peluang  usaha bidang pertanian di Sumatera Utara. Sehingga mahasiswa tidak perlu khawatir  menjadi lulusan dari Fakultas Pertanian. Banyak peluang usaha bidang pertanian yang bisa dikembangkan, salah satunya melalui pertanian hidroponik. Mahasiswa hanya perlu mengasah kemampuan dan keterampilannya serta memiliki karakter yang inovatif, profesional dan berkepribadian. Berikut beberapa dokumentasi pelaksanaan field trip ke Hidroponik Binjai.

 Salah satu tanaman yang dibudidayakan secara Hidroponik di Hidroponik Binjai


How To Get Your Kids In The Garden

Organic gardening can be very intimidating to someone that has never done it before. It can easily lead to a bit of information overload because of all of the resources available to new organic gardeners. Below are some tips to assist you in getting all of this information organized to where you can start growing organic plants effectively.

If you have enough space pick one row in your garden to contain an assortment of different vegetables. Try uncommon or unusual crops that you wouldn’t want in abundance, but that can liven up a meal that you prepare using your usual crops. Plant crops in this row over time so that you’ll always have a selection of vegetables to try.

Use proper soil for the best results. The kind of plants you want in your garden should let you know what kind of soil you need to get. You can also make an artificial plot with just one type of soil.

When you are trying to decide your plant watering schedules, make sure you are testing your soil regularly. Persistent over-watering is just as likely to kill your plants as under-watering. An easy way to check is to put your fingertip in the soil, if it is moist, do not add water.

Get rid of any garden pests immediately. Garden pests, such as red spider mites, ants, whitefly, and aphids, can infect your plants with various diseases, so if you notice any of the plants in your garden dying or failing to thrive, check for pests first. To get rid of garden pests, invest in a good pesticide.

Pay attention when watering your roses. Until their roots are established roses should be well watered, afterwards they will only need watering during dry spells. Water from a can, not a hose, pouring closely to the ground. Splashing the leaves with water can lead to mildew if there isn’t enough sun to dry them off before nightfall.

Try to fill your garden with a variety of plants instead of just a few types. A garden with a wide variety is more resistant to garden pests. It attracts more beneficial insects that eat the bad bugs. This will cut down on the need for pesticides. A garden with just a few types of plants will sustain more damage from pest invasions.

Know your climate zone. This can be the difference between a thriving garden and one that never grows. Knowing your climate zone will help you choose flowers, fruits, vegetables and trees that are perfect for where you are. This way, you get a bit of a headstart when designing a garden.

Plant your own seeds to guarantee organic produce. Sowing your own vegetable seeds gives you the comfort and assurance that your produce has been grown organically from seed to table. Choose plants that are easy to germinate such as broccoli, cabbage, basil and tomatoes. Find out the best time of the year to sprout your chosen produce.

Blend flowering fruit shrubs into your regular landscape. Don’t have a separate area to turn into a garden? Elderberries, blueberries and currants have pretty flowers in springtime and look great in the fall as well. The side benefit of these landscape-enhancing plants is all the fruit they produce for you to enjoy.

Most organic fertilizers will not harm the soft roots of plants, unlike, synthetic fertilizers. A great way to use an organic fertilizer is to mix it with the top two inches of soil next to the plant. This is called side-dressing, and it is usually worked into the soil during the growing season.

If you have the space, building a compost bin can be a great way to save money and always have compost at the ready. When planning your bin, consider a three-sided bin rather than a four-sided bin. A three-sided bin allows you to easily access the heap for regular turning without reaching over a wall or using a gate.

To insulate the soil and protect against weeds, you should consider different types of mulches. Use things like wood chips, leaves, hay, and lawn clippings. Protecting plants with a mulch helps them in many ways, such as guarding soil against erosion. You can even look into living mulches, which are plants that serve the same purpose as a mulch.

Plant slightly more than you will need. Pests and poor weather can diminish yields from your garden, especially if you are new to organic gardening. To account for this possibility, plant a little more than what you will need. However, don’t go overboard, if it is successful, you could have more vegetables than you could possibly use.

When starting your own organic garden, a great tip is to keep your tools as close to your garden as you possibly can. This will reduce the number of trips you have to make to your shed. Consider wearing a tool belt or carry a large bucket with you when you are out in your garden.

Think about what types of products you can use on your garden. Instead of using dangerous chemicals, opt for all-natural alternatives. A good organic compost is good for your plants. Inorganic fertilizers can cause toxic chemicals to buildup. That’s why it’s best to use an organic method.

When the fight is on to rid the yard and garden of Japanese beetles, milky spore is the organic gardener’s best friend. Milky spore, an organic pesticide, contains a bacteria that selectively targets the white grub larvae of the adult beetle. Once milky spore has been applied, the larvae feast on the plants that have absorbed it and die within a few weeks. As the grubs decay, the spores they ingested are spread back into the soil to continue their work.

Hopefully, these tips have provided you with some very valuable information, as well as given you a way to organize all of the thoughts and information you may have already gathered about organic gardening. Keeping these tips in mind when you start growing your plants can help you become a very successful organic gardener.